B-ENT

Facial trauma

1.

Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Head and Neck Surgery, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Genk, Belgium

2.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Hospital Sint Jan, Kruidtuinlaan 32, 1000 Brussels

3.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Genk, Belgium

B-ENT 2016; 12: Supplement 1-18
Read: 1219 Downloads: 710 Published: 03 February 2020

Facial trauma. Patients with facial trauma must be assessed in a systematic way so as to avoid missing any injury. Severe and disfiguring facial injuries can be distracting. However, clinicians must first focus on the basics of trauma care, following the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) system of care. Maxillofacial trauma occurs in a significant number of severely injured patients. Life- and sight-threatening injuries must be excluded during the primary and secondary surveys. Special attention must be paid to sight-threatening injuries in stabilized patients through early referral to an appropriate specialist or the early initiation of emergency care treatment. The gold standard for the radiographic evaluation of facial injuries is computed tomography (CT) imaging. Nasal fractures are the most frequent isolated facial fractures. Isolated nasal fractures are principally diagnosed through history and clinical examination. Closed reduction is the most frequently performed treatment for isolated nasal fractures, with a fractured nasal septum as a predictor of failure. Ear, nose and throat surgeons, maxillofacial surgeons and ophthalmologists must all develop an adequate treatment plan for patients with complex maxillofacial trauma.

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EISSN 2684-4907