Epidemiology of ENT emergencies


Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Head and Neck Surgery, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Genk, Belgium


Program manager Critical Care Departments, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Genk, Belgium

B-ENT 2014; 10: 87-92
Read: 907 Downloads: 591 Published: 05 February 2020

Epidemiology of ENT emergencies. Objective: To give an overview of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) pathologies encountered in the emergency room (ER).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 1296 files of patients visiting the ER between January 2008 and December 2012. Diagnosis, treatment, hospitalisation, referral, and demographic parameters were evaluated.

Results: Epistaxis is the most frequent ENT condition seen in the ER. One third of epistaxis patients are on anticoagulant therapy. The second most frequent conditions observed were infections of the pharynx and tonsils. Nasal fractures and vertigo were also frequently observed.

Conclusion: Epistaxis and its treatment were the most frequent ENT diagnosis and therapy seen in the ER. Infections are the main cause of hospitalisation. Referral to other disciplines and revisits seldom occurred.

EISSN 2684-4907